Garland, Augustus Hill
- Willard B. Gatewood
Garland, Augustus Hill (11 June 1832–26 January 1899), governor, U.S. senator, and attorney general, was born in Covington, Tennessee, the son of Rufus Garland and Barbara Hill, farmers. When he was less than a year old, his family moved to Lost Prairie, Arkansas, on the Red River, where his father opened a store. Shortly after his father’s death in 1833, his mother moved the family to Spring Hill, Arkansas. When she married Judge Thomas Hubbard in 1836, the family settled in Washington, Arkansas. Garland began his education in a private school and later attended St. Mary’s College in Lebanon, Kentucky. He graduated from another Catholic college, St. Joseph’s, in Bardstown, Kentucky, in 1849. Following a year as a rural school teacher in Arkansas, he read law and was admitted to the bar in 1853, joining his stepfather’s firm in Washington, Arkansas. He married Sarah Virginia Sanders in 1853; they had eight children. In 1856 Garland moved to Little Rock to become a law partner with Ebenezer Cummins, who died less than a year later. Thus Garland became the head of a lucrative law office in the state capital. He was admitted to the bar of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1860....