Archer, James Jay
- James I. Robertson
Archer, James Jay (19 December 1817–24 October 1864), Confederate brigadier general, was born at Stafford in Harford County, Maryland, the fourth son of physician James Archer and Ann Stump. The early career of James Archer is often confused with that of kinsman John Archer, who graduated from West Point. James Archer graduated from Princeton in 1835, obtained an engineering degree in 1838 from Bacon College, studied law under an older brother, and was admitted to the Maryland bar. Though he never married, as a young man Archer was so attractive that his friends called him “Sallie.” He entered the U.S. Army during the Mexican War as a captain of infantry and earned brevet promotion to major for gallantry at the 1847 battle of Chapultepec. He resigned from the army and practiced law until 1855, when he reentered the service. Archer was in command of a post on the Pacific coast at the outbreak of civil war. He resigned from the army and handed over command of his station to Lieutenant ...