Winthrop, John, Jr.
- Francis J. Bremer
Winthrop, John, Jr. (12 February 1606–05 April 1676), colonial governor of Connecticut and fellow of the Royal Society, was born at Groton Manor in Suffolk, England, the son of John Winthrop (1588–1649), the founder and governor of Massachusetts, and Mary Forth. He studied at Trinity College, Dublin (1622–1624) and at the Inns of Court (1625–1627) but received no degree. After serving in the English attack on La Rochelle and traveling to the Levant, he assisted his father in plans to move the family to the New World. Having supervised the family affairs for a year in his father’s absence, Winthrop migrated to America with his new wife, Martha Fones, in 1631. During the next year he joined the Boston church. Though a Puritan, he was never noted for the expression of strong religious feelings. Winthrop was also admitted to freemanship in 1631 and was elected to the colony’s Court of Assistants. He was one of the first settlers of Agawam (later Ipswich), and there his wife and infant daughter died in 1634. In 1634 he returned to England on family and public business. While there he agreed to settle a town at the mouth of the Connecticut River on behalf of the Puritan Lords Brook and Say and Seale. During this stay in England he married Elizabeth Reade, stepdaughter of the Reverend ...