Welcome to American National Biography Online
The life of a nation is told by the lives of its people
- Over 19,000 biographies of significant, influential or notorious figures from American history written by prominent scholars
- Life of the day now available as an email to your inbox or by RSS feed
- Have questions about how to use the redesigned website? Check out our Help page for a video demo and detailed instructions or read through our FAQs.
This update features the lives of twelve scientists and social scientists whose work significantly impacted American history. Highlights include sex researcher Virginia Johnson; child psychologist Eleanor Gibson; Leona Baumgartner, the first woman commissioner of New York City’s Department of Health; pioneering engineer Beatrice Hicks; and Cuban ethnographer Lydia Cabrera.
Virginia Johnson (1925-2013) helped establish sex therapy as a profession. Her pathbreaking research, conducted in collaboration with William Masters, found a wide audience and contributed to the sexual revolution of the 1960s by its frank discussion of anatomy, sexual physiology, and sexual disfunctions.