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The September update of the American National Biography features five new essays, with a focus on the fields of science and medicine. It includes pediatrician, public health activist, and feminist Helen Rodríguez-Trías; cardiovascular surgeon and medical educator Michael E. DeBakey; nuclear physicist Herbert York; electrical engineer and computer pioneer J. Eckert Presper; and Grace Eldering, public health leader and bacteriologist who co-developed the pertussis vaccine.
Helen Rodríguez-Trías (1929–2001) was a pediatrician who became internationally recognized leader in feminism, women’s health, and reproductive rights. She achieved extraordinary professional success while tenaciously challenging policies that she thought failed to address the needs of women, nonwhite people, and subjects of U.S. colonialism.