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This update features six new biographies of significant figures in the history of American politics. It includes presidential advisor and political scientist Zbigniew Brzezinski; Jim Wright, Texas Democrat who served in the House from 1955 to 1989; Nicholas Katzenbach, advisor to President Kennedy and Attorney General under President Johnson; George Chahoon, who served as mayor of Richmond and as a member of the New York State Senate during the nineteenth century; longtime Boston Mayor Tom Menino; and Illinois Republican Bob Michel, who served in the House 1957 to 1995.
Tom Menino (1942–2014) served as the Democratic mayor of Boston from 1993 to 2013. Menino liked to be called an “urban mechanic” and displayed a pragmatic streak, focusing on local issues that concerned average citizens and improving the business climate for downtown development. His tenure coincided with a broader rebirth of American cities beginning in the 1990s as cities attracted growing numbers of professionals as well as first-generation immigrants from Latin America, Asia, and the Caribbean. In Boston, Menino was able to bridge the gap between blue-collar white Democrats, affluent progressives, and minority voters; in a city with an ugly history of racial conflict, he continually stressed the need for Boston to be an inclusive city for all residents.