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George Herbert Walker Bush (1924-2018) was the forty-first President of the United States. The Republican presided over the end of the Cold War and launched a war against Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, both of which bolstered his popularity. Still, he failed to overcome a faltering economy and poor debate performances and lost his bid for re-election to Democrat Bill Clinton. Previously Bush had served as vice president during the two-term administration of President Ronald Reagan (1981–1989). Before that, he was the Director of Central Intelligence (1976–1977), the U. S. ambassador to the United Nations (1971–1973), a U. S. congressman (1967–1971), a success in the oil business, and a decorated veteran of the U. S. Navy.