Doane, Gustavus Cheyney
- Kim Allen Scott
Doane, Gustavus Cheyney (20 May 1840–05 May 1892), soldier and explorer, was born in Galesburg, Illinois, the son of Solomon Doane, a carpenter and farmer, and Nancy Davis. The Doane family traveled to Oregon in 1846 and to Santa Clara, California, in 1849, where they established a farm. Doane attended local schools and graduated from the University of the Pacific in 1861 with a bachelor's degree. Following the outbreak of the Civil War, Doane enlisted in late 1862 in a special cavalry company, the “California Hundred,” which was later absorbed by the Second Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry of the Union army. Serving as a sergeant with this unit, Doane participated in the battle of South Anna Bridge, Virginia, on 26 June 1863, and subsequently performed scouting duties with his regiment in the Washington, D.C., area. After falling behind the march of their battalion, Doane and a comrade were briefly detained by Confederate guerillas and released after surrendering their sidearms, resulting in Doane's later court martial for failing to offer resistance to an equal sized enemy force. Due to his temporary capture Doane was reduced from the rank of sergeant to private on 16 October 1863, but he later accepted a commission as a first lieutenant with the Mississippi Marine Brigade on 22 March 1864. He was discharged from this unit in January 1865....