Tyler, Ralph W.
- Morris Finder
Tyler, Ralph W. (22 April 1902–18 February 1994), educator and principal designer of the National Assessment of Educational Progress, was born Ralph Winfred Tyler in Chicago, Illinois, the son of William Augustus Tyler, a physician and minister, and Ella Clara (Kimball) Tyler. Tyler grew up in several small Nebraska towns where his father served as a clergyman in the Methodist and, later, Congregationalist denominations, and he began high school in Crete, Nebraska, when he was twelve. Despite working nine hours a day in a creamery, Tyler graduated three years later; he subsequently attended Doane College in Crete, where he majored in science and graduated with honors in 1921. That year he married Flora Volz, whom he met at Doane. They had three children before their divorce in 1942....