- Linda S. Chase
Currier, Nathaniel (27 March 1813–20 November 1888), lithographer and founder of the firm Currier & Ives, was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, the son of Nathaniel Currier and Hannah (maiden name unknown). He was educated in public schools until the age of fifteen, when he became an apprentice to the Boston printing firm of William S. and John Pendleton. The Pendleton company, the first in America to make successful use of the relatively new process of lithography, imported equipment, artists, and workers from Europe, where the process had been invented at the end of the eighteenth century. Currier learned the technique at the firm in Boston, moved to Philadelphia to work with lithographer M. E. D. Brown in 1833, and relocated to New York in 1834. He had planned to go into business in New York with John Pendleton, but Pendleton changed his plans and sold his interest in the business to Currier. The resulting firm of Currier & Stodart lasted about a year. In 1835, at the age of twenty-two, Currier established his own lithographic printing business, N. Currier, which printed letterheads, handbills, business cards, and the like....