Nichols, Clarina Howard
- Marilyn Blackwell
Nichols, Clarina Howard (25 January 1810–11 January 1885), journalist, reformer, and advocate for women's rights, was born Clarina Irene Howard in West Townshend, Vermont, the eldest daughter of Chapin Howard and Birsha Smith. A prominent tradesman, land investor, Baptist elder, and local official, Chapin Howard raised his eight children with a combination of religious discipline and paternal solicitude. Clarina's prodigious intellect flowered at district schools and during her only term at a local select school in 1828. In a valedictory address, she compared “a scientific and an ornamental education for women,” signifying her passion for knowledge and pride in her cerebral accomplishments. At five feet, eight inches tall, she was a striking young woman with deep-set blue eyes, a high forehead, and long oval face....