Pike, James Shepherd
- Robert F. Durden
Pike, James Shepherd (08 September 1811–24 November 1882), journalist, was born in Calais, Maine, the son of William Pike (occupation unknown) and Hannah Shepherd. Left with four young sons after the death of her husband in a boating accident in 1818, Hannah Pike took in boarders, one of whom was a parson-schoolmaster who gave James some brief instruction in the 1820s. Clerking in stores from the age of fifteen or so, Pike acquired commercial experience, became a voracious reader, and joined the Whig party in the 1830s. Since Jacksonian Democrats dominated in Maine, however, Pike’s efforts to publish weekly Whig newspapers were short-lived, and he was defeated in several attempts to win political office as a Whig in the 1840s....