- Susan M. Hartmann
Griffiths, Martha (29 January 1912–22 April 2003), U.S. congresswoman, lawyer, and women's rights advocate, U.S. congresswoman, lawyer, and women’s rights advocate, was born in Pierce City, Missouri, to Nell Sullinger Wright and Charles Elbridge Wright, a mail carrier. Her mother took in boarders so that Martha could attend the University of Missouri at Columbia, where she majored in political science and met her future husband, Hicks G. Griffiths, on the debating team. They married in 1933, eloping before she earned her A.B. in 1934; they had no children. Both Griffiths earned law degrees from the University of Michigan in 1940, and during World War II she negotiated contracts for the U.S. Army’s Ordnance Department in the Detroit area. After the war the Griffiths established a law practice with ...