Philbrick, Herbert A.
- Richard Gid Powers
Philbrick, Herbert A. (11 May 1915–16 August 1993), anticommunist activist and undercover informant for the FBI, was born and raised in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Guy Philbrick, a railroad trainman, and Alice May Shapleigh. In 1938 Philbrick graduated from the Lincoln Technical Institute of Northeastern University. He went to work as a sales representative for Holmes Direct Mail Service, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and married Eva Gertrude Luscombe (divorced in 1967); they had six children. In 1940 Philbrick, as he organized and chaired the Cambridge Youth Council, became aware that his communist members were actually directing the policies of the group he supposedly chaired, and he took his suspicions to the Boston office of the FBI. The Bureau asked him to report to them, giving him the informant code name of George Lockwood. To gather more information for the Bureau, he joined the Young Communist League in 1942 and finally the Communist Party, as a secret member, in 1944. He was able to contact or penetrate a large number of the communist-influenced or -controlled groups that countersubversives like Philbrick called the Red Network. Meanwhile, he had become the assistant advertising director for the New England division of Paramount Theaters, a position he held from 1942 to 1949....