Jacobs, Pattie Ruffner
- Joan Marie Johnson
Jacobs, Pattie Ruffner (02 October 1875–22 December 1935), suffragist and social reformer, was born in Malden, West Virginia, the daughter of Lewis Ruffner, a wholesale merchant, and Virginia Louise West. When she was a child, Ruffner’s family moved to Nashville, Tennessee, where they enjoyed social and economic prominence. Ruffner attended the Ward Seminary in Nashville and the Birmingham (Ala.) Training School for Teachers before focusing on an education in the arts. From 1894 to 1896 she received one year of voice lessons in Paris and two years of art classes in New York City. Upon returning to Alabama, she married Solon Harold Jacobs, a wealthy railroad businessman, and raised two daughters. In a diary kept before her marriage, Ruffner confided that she longed to “break away and do something really unconventional and new.” The early twentieth-century women’s movement provided her the opportunity to fulfill her goal....