Shockley, William Bradford
- David Y. Cooper
Shockley, William Bradford (13 February 1910–12 August 1989), physicist, was born in London, England, the son of William Hillman Shockley, an American mining engineer, and May Bradford, a mineral surveyor. When he was three years old, his family returned to the United States and settled in Palo Alto, California, where he received his early education. His interest in science was stimulated by a neighbor who was a physics professor at Stanford University. After graduating from Hollywood High School in 1927, Shockley spent one year at the University of California, Los Angeles, and then transferred to the California Institute of Technology, where he received his B.S. in physics in 1932. He obtained a teaching fellowship to support his graduate work and received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1936; the subject of his thesis was “Calculation of Wave Functions for Electrons in Sodium Chloride Crystals.”...