- Winfred E. A. Bernhard
Winthrop, John (08 December 1714–03 May 1779), scientist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Adam Winthrop, a merchant and judge, and Anne Wainwright. John was a fifth generation descendant of Governor John Winthrop. At age thirteen Winthrop entered Harvard, his social status acknowledged by being “placed” first in his class. Intellectual crosscurrents of Congregational theology, Newtonian science, and Enlightenment ideas left lasting impressions on him. Copious entries in his “Book of Extracts” from the classics, English writers, and poets reveal the breadth of his inquiring, ordered mind. Graduating in 1732, he plunged into further studies and received an A.M. in 1735....