- Tom D. Crouch
Chanute, Octave (18 February 1832–23 November 1910), engineer and aeronautical experimenter, was born in Paris, France, the son of Joseph Chanut, an educator and historian, and Elise Sohpie de Bonnaire. His parents separated in 1838, when six-year-old Octave moved to New Orleans with his father, who was appointed vice president of Jefferson College. In 1844 father and son resettled in New York, where Octave was educated in a private school. He added a final “e” to his patronym during this period as a mark of Americanization and a means of suggesting the proper pronunciation of his name....