Rous, Francis Peyton
- Susan E. Lederer
Rous, Francis Peyton (05 October 1879–16 February 1970), Nobel Prize-winning cancer researcher, Nobel Prize–winning cancer researcher, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Charles Rous, a grain broker, and Frances Anderson Wood. His father’s death in 1890 left the family in difficult circumstances. His mother struggled to provide educational opportunities for Rous and his two sisters. A scholarship enabled him to attend the Johns Hopkins University, where he received his bachelor’s degree in 1900. The same year Rous entered the Johns Hopkins Medical School. During his medical training Rous contracted tuberculosis and spent a year working on a ranch in Texas before resuming his medical studies. After receiving his medical degree in 1905, Rous served an internship at Johns Hopkins. His disinclination for clinical medicine led him in 1906 to seek a position as an assistant in pathology in the laboratory of Aldred Scott Warthin at the University of Michigan. In 1907 he spent a year in postgraduate study in anatomy in Dresden. After his return to Michigan and after recuperating from tuberculosis in the Adirondack Mountains of New York, Rous was awarded a grant from the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research to help fund his investigations of the cellular output of the lymph glands, bringing him to the attention of ...