Crawford, George Gordon
- Marlene Hunt Rikard
Crawford, George Gordon (24 August 1869–20 March 1936), a leading New South industrialist and designer of one of the nation's largest welfare capitalism programs, was born in Madison, Georgia, to George Gilmore Crawford, a physician, and Margarette Reed Howard Crawford of Savannah, Georgia. After Crawford's mother died giving birth to a daughter in 1874, he and his sister spent much of their childhood with relatives on their grandfather's 5,000-acre plantation south of Atlanta. A member of the first graduating class of the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1890, Crawford earned a degree in mechanical engineering, which he augmented with two years of study in technical chemistry at the Karl-Eberhard University in Tübingen, Germany. In addition to the knowledge gained in the chemistry laboratory, he had an awareness of efficiency as a factor in industrial development when he returned to the United States in 1892....