Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM American National Biography Online. © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in American National Biography Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

Crawford, George Gordonlocked

(24 August 1869–20 March 1936)
  • Marlene Hunt Rikard


Crawford, George Gordon (24 August 1869–20 March 1936), a leading New South industrialist and designer of one of the nation's largest welfare capitalism programs, was born in Madison, Georgia, to George Gilmore Crawford, a physician, and Margarette Reed Howard Crawford of Savannah, Georgia. After Crawford's mother died giving birth to a daughter in 1874, he and his sister spent much of their childhood with relatives on their grandfather's 5,000-acre plantation south of Atlanta. A member of the first graduating class of the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1890, Crawford earned a degree in mechanical engineering, which he augmented with two years of study in technical chemistry at the Karl-Eberhard University in Tübingen, Germany. In addition to the knowledge gained in the chemistry laboratory, he had an awareness of efficiency as a factor in industrial development when he returned to the United States in 1892....

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription