Osterhaus, Peter Joseph
- Steven E. Woodworth
Osterhaus, Peter Joseph (04 January 1823–02 January 1917), army officer and diplomat, was born in Koblenz, Germany, the son of Anton A. Osterhaus. His mother’s name is not known. After attending a military school in Berlin, he served as a gentleman volunteer in the Prussian Twenty-ninth Infantry Regiment. In 1846 he married Natilda Born; they had five children. When a wave of revolutions swept Germany in 1848, Osterhaus sided with those striving to give Germany a unified, liberal government. They failed, and many, like Osterhaus, fled to America the following year. Osterhaus settled in Belleville, in southwestern Illinois, and got a job in a dry goods store. In the next two years he moved first to Lebanon, Illinois, where he ran a general store, and then to St. Louis, Missouri, where a large German-American population made social conditions pleasant for the Osterhauses. In St. Louis he obtained employment as a bookkeeper for a hardware wholesaler....