Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell
- Robert Wooster
Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell (27 July 1840–19 January 1889), army officer, was born in New York City, New York, the son of Alexander Slidell Mackenzie, a naval officer, and Catherine Alexander Robinson. Raised in Morristown, New Jersey, Ranald began his university education at Williams College and enrolled at the United States Military Academy in 1858. He graduated first in his West Point class of 1862 and was commissioned second lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers. Serving with the Army of the Potomac on the eastern front, he was wounded at the second battle of Manassas. Mackenzie remained with the engineers at the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, receiving regular promotions to first lieutenant and captain. Wounded several times during the 1864 Petersburg campaign (including the loss of two fingers, which later led Indians to label him “Bad Hand”), he was given the colonelcy of the Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery in July. After participating in the defense of Washington during ...