Magruder, John Bankhead
- Gary W. Gallagher
Magruder, John Bankhead (01 May 1807–18 February 1871), Confederate soldier, was born at Port Royal, Virginia, the son of Thomas Magruder, a lawyer, and Elizabeth Bankhead. Admitted to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1826, Magruder displayed a fondness for drink and came within four demerits of expulsion in his final year. He also became a cadet captain, graduating fifteenth of forty-two in the class of 1830. Assigned to the Seventh Infantry as a second lieutenant on 1 July 1830, Magruder transferred on 11 August 1831 to the First Artillery. In 1831 he married Henrietta Von Kapff; they had three children. Promoted to first lieutenant on 31 March 1836, he served in Florida against the Seminoles in 1837–1838. A solid performance in the battle of Palo Alto during the war with Mexico advanced Magruder to captain on 18 June 1846. Brevet ranks of major and lieutenant colonel, to date from 18 April and 13 September 1847, rewarded his contributions at the battles of Cerro Gordo and Chapultepec....