Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM American National Biography Online. © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in American National Biography Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

Nicolls, Richardlocked

(1624–28 May 1672)
  • Geoffrey Gneuhs

Extract

Nicolls, Richard (1624–28 May 1672), the first English governor of New York, was born in Ampthill, Bedfordshire, England, the son of Francis Nicolls, a lawyer, and Margaret Bruce. His father, one of the squires of the bath to Sir Edward Bruce, died the year Nicolls was born. Amply provided for, the family continued to live at Ampthill Great Park, a royal chase. With the outbreak of the civil war when he was eighteen, Nicolls fought on the royal side against the forces of Oliver Cromwell, commanding a troop of horse. In 1648 Nicolls went into exile with the Stuarts in France, where he served in the household of James, the duke of York. Four years later, in the spring of 1652, he and the duke fought in the army of Marshall Turenne in the war of the Fronde. In 1660, when the monarchy was restored in England under Charles II, the duke, who was the king’s brother, named Nicolls a groom of his bedchamber....

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Access to the full content requires a subscription