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Murray, Johnlocked

(1730 or 1732–25 February 1809)
  • John E. Selby


Murray, John (1730 or 1732–25 February 1809), fourth earl of Dunmore and royal governor of New York, Virginia, and the Bahamas, was born probably at Taymount Castle, Perthshire, Scotland, the son of William Murray, the third earl of Dunmore, and Catherine Nairne. Although William supported the Stuart pretender in 1745, the influence of his brother John, the second earl, one of George II’s generals, preserved the title for the family. William succeeded in 1752 and his son John four years later. John had joined his uncle’s regiment, the Third Foot Guards, in 1749 and served during the Seven Years’ War but participated in no major action. In February 1759 he married Charlotte Stewart, daughter of the earl of Galloway, and the next year resigned his captaincy to embark on a parliamentary career as a Scottish representative peer, an office that he held except when in America until 1790. Notwithstanding extensive estates near Edinburgh and mining interests in the west of Scotland, the expense of London society and the gradual increase of his family to eleven children left Dunmore relatively poor for his station....

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