2018 Entries

The American National Biography (ANB) is updated regularly throughout the year, giving you access to the most up-to-date and accurate information available. Those entries marked with an asterisk (*) are freely available for a period of three months from publication. Full access to all biographies is available by subscription.


New subjects - June 2018

The June 2018 update adds thirteen new biographies that celebrate the diverse forms of American music, including jazz, blues, folk, rock, pop, country, opera, and classical. Highlights include jazz icon Ornette Coleman, subversive rock star Lou Reed, opera singer Shirley Verrett, political poet Gil Scott-Heron, influential folk singer Odetta, and gospel star Marion Williams.

Carter, Elliott Cook, Jr. (1908–2012), composer*
Cliburn, Van (1934–2013), classical pianist
Coleman, Ornette (1930–2015), jazz alto saxophonist, bandleader, and composer
Gilbert, Ruth Alice “Ronnie” (1926–2015), folksinger, actor, and therapist
Gore, Lesley (1946–2015), singer and songwriter
Hillis, Margaret (1921–1998), choral director, orchestral conductor, and music educator
King, B. B. (1925–2015), blues singer and guitarist
Odetta (1930–2008), folk and blues singer*
Price, Ray (1926–2013), country music singer
Reed, Lou (1942–2013), rock songwriter, singer, and guitarist
Schuller, Gunther (1925–2015), composer, conductor, and writer
Scott-Heron, Gilbert (1949–2011), poet, songwriter, singer, and pianist
Starker, Janos (1924–2013), cellist
Verrett, Shirley (1931–2010), opera singer, recitalist, and educator
Williams, Andy (1927–2012), pop singer and television star
Williams, Marion (1927–1994), gospel singer
Zevon, Warren William (1947–2003), rock musician, singer, and songwriter

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New subjects - May 2018

We have long contended that the best way to explain the history of a nation is through the lives of its people. What better way to do this than by featuring lives of those who have told the nation’s stories? The May 2018 update focuses on writers, editors, and poets whose work has shaped American culture, including poet and spoken word artist Pat Parker, Pulitzer Prize-winner James Schulyer, and cartoonist William Steig.

Cannon, Poppy (1905–1975), cookbook author, journalist, and advertising executive
Chamberlain, Samuel V. (1895–1975), graphic artist, photographer, and gourmet food writer*
Engle, Paul (1908–1991), poet, literary critic, and educator
Gittings, Barbara (31 July 1932–18 Feb. 2007), lesbian and gay rights activist*
Gonzales, Rodolfo “Corky” (1928–2005), boxer, activist, and poet
Kumin, Maxine (1925–2014), poet, essayist, and fiction writer for children and adults
L’Engle, Madeleine (1918–2007), novelist, poet, and essayist
Nordstrom, Ursula (1910–1988), writer, editor, and children’s book publisher*
Parker, Pat (1944–1989), poet, performer, health care administrator, and lesbian-feminist activist
Parker, Robert Brown (1932–2010), novelist
Pennell, Elizabeth Robins (1855–1936), author, art critic, and culinary writer
Schuyler, James (1923–1991), poet and novelist*
Steig, William (1907–2003), cartoonist, illustrator, and children’s book author
Terkel, Studs (16 May 1912–31 Oct. 2008), oral historian, radio broadcaster, and political activist*

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New subjects - April 2018

A scientist’s work often has a dramatic — sometimes unintended or unanticipated — impact on society at large. The April 2018 update features biographies that exemplify the connection between the lab, the field, the library, and everyday life. Including chemist Min Cheuh Chang, physicist Edward Teller, and psychologist and key figure in the movement to depathologize homosexuality in the US, Evelyn Hooker.

Bernard, Jessie (1903–1996), sociologist and feminist scholar
Burns, Eveline (1900–1985), economist and Social Security expert
Chang, M. C. (1908–1991), reproductive biologist*
Djerassi, Carl (1923–2015), organic chemist, novelist, and playwright*
Geertz, Clifford (1926–2006), anthropologist*
Hooker, Evelyn (1907–1996), psychologist and key figure in the movement to depathologize homosexuality in the US*
Hornig, Donald (1920–2013), chemist, presidential advisor, and university president
Kelsey, Frances (1914–2015), pharmacologist, medical officer, and administrator at the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Landauer, Rolf (1927–1999), industrial physicist
Laubenstein, Linda (1947–1992), physician and AIDS researcher
MacDiarmid, Alan (1927–2007), chemist, professor, and Nobel laureate
Mayr, Ernst (1904–2005), ornithologist and evolutionary biologist
Poston, Adele Suyder (1884–1979), psychiatric nurse and nursing reformer and administrator
Pruette, Lorine (1896–1976), psychologist, social scientist, and feminist
Schwartz, Anna Jacobson (1915–2012), economist and economic historian
Seitz, Frederick (1911–2008), physicist, university president, and scientific consultant
Shannon, Claude (1916–2001), mathematician
Smalley, Richard (Rick) (1943–2005), chemist, entrepreneur, and Nobel laureate
Spencer, Percy (1894–1970), inventor
Stibitz, George (1904–1995), engineer and pioneer of computing
Tannenbaum, Frank (1893–1969), labor activist, educator, and scholar
Teller, Edward (1908–2003), physicist and “father of the hydrogen bomb”*
Weisstein, Naomi (1939–2015), neuroscientist, women’s liberation activist, and feminist musician and comedian

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