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Bueche, Arthur Maynard (14 November 1920–22 October 1981), chemist and industrialist, was born in Flushing, Michigan, the son of Bernard P. Bueche, a merchant, and Margaret Rekart. He grew up in Flushing, where he worked in the family store, played football, and was school valedictorian and class poet at Flushing High School. He earned the associate degree in science from Flint Junior College in Michigan in 1941 and a B.S. in chemistry from the University of Michigan in 1943. He began graduate school in chemistry at Ohio State University in 1943 and then transferred to Cornell, where he did his thesis work under Nobel laureate ...

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Dow, Herbert Henry (26 February 1866–15 October 1930), chemist and industrialist, was born in Belleville, Ontario, the son of Joseph Dow, a master mechanic, and Sarah Bunnell. Dow’s early life was spent in Connecticut, but in 1878 his family moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where he graduated in 1888 from the Case School of Applied Science. While at Case he became fascinated with the possibility of extracting bromine, a substance used to produce drugs and photographic chemicals, from the salt-impregnated waters (brines) often associated with oil and gas wells. By 1889 he had developed a novel electrolytic process for doing this. After an initial attempt at commercialization failed, Dow secured new backing and in 1890 formed the Midland Chemical Company. He moved operations to Midland, Michigan, near rich, easy to tap brines, and by 1894 he had developed one of the earliest commercially successful electrochemical processes in the United States. In 1892 Dow married Grace Ball, a Midland schoolteacher; they had seven children. The oldest child, Willard Dow, eventually succeeded his father as head of the Dow Chemical Company....

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Takamine, Jokichi (03 November 1854–22 July 1922), chemist and industrialist, was born in Kanazawa, Kaga Province, Japan, the son of Seiichi Takamine, a samurai and a physician, and Yukiko Tsuda. He graduated as a chemical engineer from the Imperial Engineering College (later part of the Imperial University) in Tokyo in 1878. He spent three years at the University of Glasgow and Anderson’s College in Glasgow studying chemistry, sent by the Japanese government....