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Anderson, Joseph Inslee (05 November 1757–17 April 1837), jurist, U.S. senator, and Treasury official, was born near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of William Anderson and Elizabeth Inslee (occupations unknown). When not yet twenty, Anderson enlisted in the Continental army as a private and rose to the rank of major by the war’s end. He was regimental paymaster during much of the war, and his experience in that capacity served him well in positions he held later. He was with ...

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Frank, Jerome New (10 September 1889–13 January 1957), New Dealer, federal appeals judge, and legal philosopher, was born in New York City, the son of Herman Frank, a lawyer, and Clara New, a musician. The grandson of German Jews who immigrated to the United States around 1850, Frank moved with his parents to Chicago at the age of seven. A precocious child, he challenged his kindergarten teacher on such exotic subjects as Greek mythology. He attended Chicago public schools, graduated from Hyde Park High School at the age of sixteen, and then enrolled at the University of Chicago. By attending summer terms Frank graduated in three years. In the fall of 1909 Frank entered law school at the University of Chicago and in 1912 graduated with the highest grades ever achieved at the University of Chicago Law School. With characteristic humility, he shunned interview-seeking reporters. In 1914 he married Florence Kiper, a well-known poet and writer in Chicago literary circles....

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Moore, John Bassett (03 December 1860–12 November 1947), lawyer, judge, and government official, was born in Smyrna, Delaware, the son of John Adams Moore, a physician and state legislator, and Martha Anne Ferguson. Because of health problems, he was educated by his parents and then attended a private school. At the age of seventeen he entered the University of Virginia where he studied the liberal arts and the law. Forced to leave college because of ill health, he nevertheless continued his legal studies and was admitted to the bar in 1883. At the urging of influential Delaware political leaders, he became a clerk in the U.S. Department of State in 1885 and third assistant secretary from 1886 to 1891. In 1890 he married Helen Frances Toland; they had three children....

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Pope, Nathaniel (05 January 1784–23 January 1850), secretary of the Illinois Territory, delegate to the U.S. Congress, and federal judge, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, the son of William Pope and Penelope Edwards, a comfortable agrarian family. Details of Pope’s education are sketchy. He received private schooling as a youth and for a time attended Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky, although he did not graduate. Subsequently, he read law in the office of his older brother, John Pope, a future U.S. senator from Kentucky....