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Hayakawa, S. I. (18 July 1906–27 February 1992), semanticist and politician, was born Samuel Ichiye Hayakawa in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, the son of Ichora Hayakawa, a Japanese immigrant to Canada who ran an import-export business, and Tora Isono. Hayakawa went to high school in Winnipeg, Manitoba, and graduated with a B.A. from the University of Manitoba in 1927. He went to Montreal and studied for his master’s degree in English literature at McGill University. To support himself during these student days, he drove a taxicab in Montreal and worked as a department store clerk....

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George P. Marsh. Photograph from the studio of Mathew B. Brady. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-BH8201-4981).

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Marsh, George Perkins (15 March 1801–23 July 1882), scholar, politician, and diplomat, was born in Woodstock, Vermont, the son of Charles Marsh, a prominent lawyer, and Susan Perkins. The Marshes were among New England’s aristocracy of Puritan intellectuals. Woodstock, unlike western Vermont of the free-spirited Green Mountain Boys, was a town of law-abiding, substantial settlers, conservative in religion and politics. George, in a milieu of book lovers, became an avid reader, although a lifelong eye ailment periodically forced him to turn from the printed page to the outdoor world. As a child, with his father or friends, he observed firsthand the effects of deforestation in early Vermont settlements, the decline of fish in the rivers, and the destruction of precious topsoil....

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van der Kemp, Francis Adrian (04 May 1752–07 September 1829), clergyman and scholar, was born at Kampen, Overyssel, Netherlands, the son of John van der Kemp, a merchant and army captain, and Anna Catherina Leydekker. Van der Kemp studied in the Latin schools at locations where his father was stationed. The elder van der Kemp, advised that his son did not have the inclination of a scholar, enrolled him as a cadet in an army infantry unit in 1764. Van der Kemp, however, was allowed to continue his studies at the same time, and he became proficient in Latin and Greek. In 1769 van der Kemp quit military service and the next year attended Groningen University. There he came under the influence of Frederic Adolph van der Marck, whose free-thinking views van der Kemp defended in a published tract, ...