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Ahern, Mary Eileen (01 October 1860–22 May 1938), librarian and editor, was born on a farm southwest of Indianapolis, Indiana, to William Ahern, a farmer, and Mary O’Neill, both Irish immigrants. In 1870 the family left the farm for Spencer, Indiana, where Mary Eileen graduated from high school in 1878. Following her graduation from Central Normal College in Danville, Indiana, in 1881, she worked as a teacher in the public schools of Bloomfield, Spencer, and Peru, Indiana, for eight years....

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Bostwick, Arthur Elmore (08 March 1860–13 February 1942), editor and librarian, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, the son of David Elmore Bostwick, a physician, and Adelaide McKinley. Bostwick took advantage of the cultural assets in his hometown, reading periodicals from a neighbor’s private library, studying romance and classical languages, participating in music ensembles, and attending the Episcopal church where his mother was organist. His innate intellectual abilities were thus stimulated, laying the foundation for an active life of the mind. He attended Yale College, won the first Silliman Fellowship in physical science, graduated Phi Beta Kappa, and earned a B.A. in 1881 and a Ph.D. in physics in 1883. Aspiring to a college professorship, he declined an appointment as a Fellow at the Johns Hopkins University in favor of a temporary position at Yale but, when a permanent post was not forthcoming, he moved to Montclair, New Jersey, where he taught high school from 1884 to 1886. In 1885 Bostwick married Lucy Sawyer, with whom he had three children....

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Duyckinck, Evert Augustus (23 November 1816–13 August 1878), editor, author, and bibliophile, was born in New York City, the son of Evert Duyckinck, a wealthy publisher and book collector, and Harriet June. He graduated from Columbia College in 1835. He either wrote or cowrote the only issue of ...

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Engel, Carl (21 July 1883–06 May 1944), composer, editor, and librarian, was born in Paris, France, the son of German parents Joseph C. Engel and Gertrude Seeger. Engel studied music, philosophy, and psychology at the Universities of Strasbourg and Munich. His musical training included individual instruction on the violin and piano and composition with Ludwig Thuille. The Engel family immigrated to the United States in 1905, settling in New York City. Engel quickly affiliated with the city’s young composers and musicians interested in new music and, later, their New Music Society of America, a group dedicated to the performance of American works....

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Perkins, Frederic Beecher (27 September 1828–27 January 1899), editor, author, and librarian, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, the son of Thomas Clap Perkins, a lawyer, and Mary Foote Beecher. He entered Yale with the class of 1850 but left in 1848 to study law in his father’s Hartford office. He eventually graduated from Connecticut Normal School in 1852, and Yale conferred a master of arts degree on him in 1860 and listed him in its biographical records for the class of 1850....

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Smith, Lloyd Pearsall (06 February 1822–02 July 1886), librarian, publisher, and editor, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of John Jay Smith, a librarian, and Rachel Collins Pearsall. Following graduation from Haverford College at age fifteen, Smith became a bookkeeper and an accountant in the counting house of Waln & Leaming. In 1844 he married Hannah E. Jones, with whom he later adopted a daughter. While still at Waln & Leaming, Smith began publishing, among other works, ...

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Sonneck, Oscar George Theodore (06 October 1873–30 October 1928), music bibliographer, librarian, and editor, was born in Lafayette (now Jersey City), New Jersey, the son of George C. Sonneck, a civil engineer, and Julia Meyne. His father died while Oscar was still an infant, and his mother took him with her to Germany, where she had accepted a domestic position in Frankfurt-am-Main. His primary education took place at Kiel’s Gelehrtenschule, and he attended Gymnasium at Frankfurt. After a brief sojourn at the University of Heidelberg, he took up residence at the University of Munich, where he stayed until 1897. His musical education included the study of piano (with James Kwast), composition and orchestration (with Iwan Knorr) in Frankfurt; composition and musicology (with Melchior Ernest Sachs) in Munich; and conducting at the Sondershausen Conservatory under Carl Schröder. During his formative years he displayed a decidedly artistic disposition, composing and publishing a number of songs and piano pieces during the late 1890s and even putting out two volumes of poetry in German in 1895 and 1898....