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Muhlenberg, Henry (17 November 1753–23 May 1815), Lutheran clergyman and botanist, was born Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg in Trappe, Pennsylvania, the son of Heinrich (Henry) Melchior Muhlenberg, a patriarch of the Lutheran church in America, and Anna Maria Weiser, the daughter of the Indian interpreter Conrad Weiser. Henry Muhlenberg, as he signed his letters in English and as he was known to his friends, attended school at his birthplace, later in Philadelphia when the family moved there in 1761, and when only nine was sent with his two older brothers to Halle, in Saxony, at whose orphanage his father had been a teacher. There Muhlenberg learned Latin, Greek, and Hebrew but had only a year at the university. Although the University of Halle had a famous botanical garden, his studies focused on theology and ecclesiastical history....