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Horsfall, Frank Lappin, Jr. (14 December 1906–19 February 1971), clinician, virologist, and administrator, was born in Seattle, Washington, the son of Frank Horsfall, a physician, and Jessie Laura Ludden. Horsfall first wanted to become an engineer, but by the end of four years of college at the University of Washington, his interests had switched to medicine, and he entered McGill University Medical School in Montreal, Canada, in 1927....

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Poindexter, Hildrus Augustus (10 May 1901–20 April 1987), physician, microbiologist, and public health specialist, was born on a farm near Memphis, Tennessee, the son of Fred Poindexter and Luvenia Gilberta Clarke, tenant farmers. After attending the normal (teacher training) department of Swift Memorial College, a Presbyterian school for blacks in Rogersville, Tennessee (1916–1920), he entered Lincoln University (Pa.) and graduated with an A.B. cum laude in 1924. Also in 1924 he married Ruth Viola Grier, with whom he would have one child, a daughter. He attended Dartmouth Medical School for two years before earning an M.D. at Harvard University in 1929, an A.M. in bacteriology at Columbia University in 1930, a Ph.D. in bacteriology and parasitology at Columbia in 1932, and an M.P.H. from Columbia in 1937....

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Stiles, Charles Wardell (15 May 1867–24 January 1941), zoologist and public health official, was born in Spring Valley, New York, the son of Samuel Martin Stiles, a Methodist minister, and Elizabeth White. Raised in an atmosphere of religious severity, Stiles was torn between his father’s drive for him to become a minister and his own desire to become a scientist. To satisfy his family’s observance of the Sabbath, Stiles turned his religious studies into a game by mastering reading the Bible in French, German, Italian, and Greek, an exercise that greatly expanded his linguistic abilities. After finishing high school in Hartford, Connecticut, Stiles gave in to family pressures and enrolled at Wesleyan College in Middletown, Connecticut. Since Stiles had no intention of giving in to his father’s desires for him to become a minister, he led a carousing and revolutionary life that tested the bounds of Wesleyan discipline. Stiles’s strife to obtain high marks, the tension with his father, and the recurrence of debilitating headaches culminated in a case of neurasthenia, which caused him to abruptly leave college. Stiles’s neurasthenia and headaches dramatically improved after he was fitted with glasses and his father surrendered to his son’s desire to become a scientist....