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Clarke, Parker (03 April 1748–25 March 1823), surgeon and soldier, was born in Ipswich, Massachusetts, the son of Parker Clarke and Lydia Phillips. In 1769 he married Judith Lunt; they had three sons. After obtaining some medical training in New England, Clarke immigrated to Cumberland Township on the Isthmus of Chignecto in Nova Scotia. By 1770 he was living in Fort Lawrence, where he farmed and practiced medicine as a prominent member of the New England planter community, which by then formed the majority of the population on the isthmus and throughout Nova Scotia....

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Marshall, Christopher (06 November 1709–04 May 1797), pharmacist and revolutionary leader, was born in Dublin, Ireland. His parents’ names are unknown. He received a classical education in England and developed an interest in chemistry. Marshall, a Quaker, married Sarah Thompson in 1735; they had three sons. His second marriage to Abigail, a Philadelphia Quaker, ended with her death in 1782. After moving to Philadelphia in 1727, Marshall started a pharmaceutical company. He was a religious man and in 1758 served as one of Philadelphia’s overseers of the poor....

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Thompson, Ebenezer (05 March 1737–14 August 1802), physician and public servant, was born in Durham, New Hampshire, the son of Robert Thompson, a yeoman, and Abigail Emerson. He attended local schools. Upon his father’s death in 1752 he shared with his mother, brothers, and sister the ample estate and began the study of medicine with Joseph Atkinson, a well-respected physician in the region....

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Warren, Joseph (30 May 1741–17 June 1775), physician and patriot leader, was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, the son of Joseph Warren and Mary Stevens, farmers. Upon completing his studies at Roxbury Latin School in 1755, the same year his father died, Joseph entered Harvard College. He graduated twenty-fifth in a class of thirty-five. After serving a term as master of Roxbury Latin and arguing his thesis in the field of medicine, Warren entered into an apprenticeship with Dr. ...