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Hamilton, John (1740–12 December 1816), colonial merchant, Loyalist, and British consul, was born in Scotland. Nothing is known of his education. In 1756 he joined his brother Archibald in Nansemond County, Virginia, as a partner in a mercantile company, which included an uncle in Glasgow as a third partner. The Hamiltons extended their operations into North Carolina, where they established an extensive trading center at Hamilton Hill near Halifax; they had stores and warehouses for retail and wholesale trade in imported and colonial goods, a tavern, and shops for a blacksmith, a cooper, a hatter, and a tailor. By 1776 the Hamiltons, who operated under the name of John Hamilton and Company, had become the largest commercial house in the colony. Throughout its existence, the company maintained an excellent reputation with North Carolina farmers and merchants, who benefited from its ample provision of purchasing credit....

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Low, Isaac (13 April 1735–25 July 1791), merchant, early revolutionary leader, and later prominent Loyalist, was born near New Brunswick, New Jersey, the son of Cornelius Low, Jr., and Johanna Gouverneur (occupations unknown). Little can be ascertained about his early years. Low established himself as a merchant in New York City, rising to both fortune and political prominence. He became well enough off to marry Margarita Cuyler, daughter of the mayor of Albany, New York, in 1760. They had one child. Low was a founding member of the New York City Chamber of Commerce and became its president during the revolutionary war....

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Mein, John (1732–1810), bookseller, printer, and Loyalist publisher, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, the son of John Mein, a burgess and guildsman of Edinburgh and a slater by trade. His mother’s name is unknown. John, Jr., was also enrolled as a burgess and guildsman in December 1760. Little is known about Mein apart from his role in supporting British policy during the revolutionary crisis. He emigrated to Boston in November 1764 and set up the first of his three shops in company with ...

Article

White, Henry (28 March 1732–23 December 1786), Loyalist and merchant, was born in Maryland, the son of a British colonel. His parents’ names are unknown. His father had immigrated to Maryland in 1712. White went to England for his education but then returned to America and settled in New York City. He flourished in the merchant trade during the French and Indian War, serving as a commissary for the British forces. In 1761 he married Eva Van Cortlandt. They had several sons....