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Leverett, John ( July 1616–16 March 1679), Puritan leader and governor of Massachusetts, was born in Boston, Lincolnshire, England, the son of Thomas Leverett and Anne Fisher. Thomas Leverett was a landowner and a protector in England of the great Puritan minister John Cotton...

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Mayhew, Thomas, Jr. (1621–1657), missionary and settler of Martha's Vineyard, missionary and settler of Martha’s Vineyard, was born in Southampton, England, the son of Thomas Mayhew, a merchant and proprietor of Martha’s Vineyard. (His mother’s name is unknown.) Thomas accompanied his father to Medford, Massachusetts, in 1631 and was educated in Medford and Watertown schools. He was tutored for the ministry with training in the classics and languages. Instead, he first assisted his father in operating their corn and timber mills. In 1641 he shared his father’s proprietorship of Martha’s Vineyard (known then variously as “Noepe” or the “Isle of Capswack”) and took the first colonists there. He was a farmer and an early trader with the Indians. Until his father arrived in 1646 to assume personal charge of the property, Mayhew was sole agent, but he was anxious to work with the Indians. His marriage in 1647 to Jane Paine, his father’s stepdaughter from his second marriage, brought six children who were responsible in coming years for the increase of the Mayhew family in the Vineyard....

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Sir Henry Vane. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-101796).

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Vane, Sir Henry (1613–14 June 1662), Puritan political figure, was born at Debden, Essex, England, the son of Sir Henry Vane, a knight and the comptroller and treasurer of the English royal household, and Frances Darcy. He attended Westminster School and entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford. By the age of fifteen, however, he had become a Puritan; he left Oxford and matriculated at Leyden, on the Continent. When he first brought up the idea of immigrating to New England, his father strongly objected, but the king himself intervened on his behalf....