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Marston, William Moulton (09 May 1893–02 May 1947), psychologist and comic book creator, was born in Cliftondale, Massachusetts, the son of Frederick William Marston, a wholesale merchant, and Annie Dalton Moulton. Marston married Elizabeth Holloway in 1915, and the couple had five children, four of whom survived infancy. He graduated from Harvard University with an A.B. in 1915 and enrolled in the Harvard Law School the same year. Marston later claimed he “had the luck to discover the so-called Marston Deception Test, better known as The Lie Detector” while he was still an undergraduate. He was certainly one of the lie detector’s most energetic punblicizers, and the publication of his 1917 paper on the “Systolic Blood Pressure Symptoms of Deception” ( ...

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Sackler, Arthur Mitchell (22 August 1913–26 May 1987), research psychiatrist, art collector, and philanthropist, was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Isaac Sackler and Sophie (maiden name unknown). In the 1930s Sackler simultaneously studied medicine at New York University (NYU) and art history at NYU and the Cooper Union Art Institute. To fund his medical studies, he joined the William Douglas MacAdams medical advertising agency. Sackler earned his B.S. from NYU in 1933 and his M.D. from NYU in 1937. In 1935 he married Else Jorgensen; they had two children....

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Wissler, Clark (18 September 1870–25 August 1947), anthropologist, museologist, and psychologist, was born Clarkson Davis Wissler in Wayne County, Indiana, the son of Benjamin Franklin Wissler, a schoolteacher, and Sylvania Needler. From 1888 to 1893 he taught public school in Wayne County. He entered Indiana University in 1893, graduating in 1897 with a B.A. in psychology. He continued his work in psychology at Indiana, receiving his M.A. in 1899 while also teaching psychology at Ohio State. That year Wissler married Etta Viola Gebbart; they had two children. In 1901 he received his Ph.D. in psychology from Columbia University, where he had become well acquainted with ...