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Oliver Wendell Holmes. Courtesy of the National Library of Medicine (B014846).


Holmes, Oliver Wendell (29 August 1809–07 October 1894), physician, teacher of anatomy, and writer, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the son of the Reverend Abiel Holmes and Sarah Wendell, Abiel’s second wife. A quintessential Boston Brahmin, Oliver was descended on his mother’s side from the old Boston families of Jackson and Quincy and from early Dutch settlers; ...


Kelly, Aloysius Oliver Joseph (13 June 1870–23 February 1911), physician, medical educator, and writer, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Joseph Vincent Kelly, a physician and superintendent of St. Mary’s Hospital, and Emma Jane Ferguson. Little is known about his childhood. He received his A.B. degree from LaSalle College, Philadelphia, in 1888 at the age of eighteen, and three years later the school awarded him a Master of Arts degree. After college he enrolled in the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, and he graduated with an M.D. in 1891. He was then appointed to a one-year residency at the St. Agnes Hospital in Philadelphia. From 1892 to 1894 he studied in Vienna, Heidelberg, Dublin, Prague, and London with such notable physicians as Franz Chvostek, Anton Weichselbaum, and Arnold Paltauf....


Wood, Horatio C, Jr. (13 January 1841–03 January 1920), physician, educator, and editor, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Horatio Curtis Wood, a successful businessman, and Elizabeth Head Bacon. His parents used “C” (without a period) as his middle name, a compromise between Curtis and Charles. That Wood was inconsistent in signing his name, and that one of his sons, who also had a distinguished career in medicine, was named Horatio Charles Wood, Jr., further confused the situation. Wood began his education at age four in a Society of Friends boarding school, and he continued at the Friends Select School in Philadelphia. He traced his initial interests in science to two sources. First, on a visit to the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences in his early teens, Wood convinced the director, ...