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Barbara A. Van Brimmer

Beach, Wooster (1794–28 January 1868), physician, was born in Trumbull, Connecticut, the son of Lewis Beach. His father was of English descent and his mother’s name is unknown. Beach received a scant education in a rural school. As a young man, he developed a zealous interest in reforming religious and medical practices of the time. He particularly distrusted current medical practices and was familiar with the criticisms of physicians such as ...

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King, John (01 January 1813–19 June 1893), physician and pharmacologist, was born in New York City, the son of Harman King, a custom house official, and Marguerite La Porte. He completed his undergraduate education (it is not known which college he attended) mostly to placate his parents’ desire that he enter some sort of commercial pursuit; however, he was more interested in a scientific career and while in school read extensively about physics, chemistry, and botany. In 1833 he married Charlotte Armington, with whom he had eight children. In 1835 he delivered a series of lectures on topics related to the earth’s magnetism at the Mechanic’s Institute of New York and the New Bedford (Mass.) Lyceum....

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Newton, Robert Safford (16 December 1818–09 October 1881), physician, was born near Gallipolis, Ohio, the son of John Newton and Lydia Safford, farmers. Newton’s early education was at the common school because his father planned for him to go into farming and deemed that sufficient for a farmer. Desiring more education, Newton persuaded his father to allow him to attend an academy in Lewisburg, Virginia, for one year (1833–1834). He farmed and taught school until 1837, when he left the farm and began his medical studies with Edward Naret in Gallipolis. While studying with Naret he was tutored in Greek, Latin, philosophy, and mathematics by the principal of the Gallipolis Academy and the pastor of the Methodist church. In 1839 he attended the Medical University of Louisville, Kentucky (a traditional, or allopathic, school of medicine), obtaining his medical degree in March 1841. He returned to Gallipolis and began practice. Two years later he married Mary M. Hoy. In 1845 they moved to Cincinnati, Ohio. At least one son survived childhood....