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Kadar, Jan (01 April 1918–01 June 1979), film director, was born in Budapest, Hungary, and raised in Lucenec, a Slovak town occupied by Hungarians. His parents’ names are unknown. He attended Charles University in Prague, where he studied law, but in 1938 he shifted to film studies at the Bratislava Film School in Slovakia. That same year his education was interrupted by the German invasion of Czechoslovakia. His parents and sister were sent to Auschwitz, where they died, and he was sent to a Nazi labor camp near Budapest....

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Murphy, Audie (20 June 1924–28 May 1971), soldier and film actor, was born Audie Leon Murphy in Hunt County, Texas, the son of Emmett Murphy and Josie Bell Killian, tenant farmers. Murphy was reared in the rural poverty familiar to Texas sharecropping families in the 1920s and 1930s. With barely a fifth-grade education, he left home at fifteen, facing what looked to be a bleak future. Then came Pearl Harbor, and, just after his eighteenth birthday in June 1942, he enlisted in the army. Shorter, thinner, and younger than the average GI, Murphy as an infantryman capitalized on his hunting skills and, from Sicily, through Italy and France, and into Germany, exhibited uncommon aggressiveness against the enemy. His prowess and initiative in combat earned him a battlefield commission and his country’s highest decorations, including the Congressional Medal of Honor for his daring standoff (firing a machine gun atop a burning tank destroyer) against a German counterattack at the Colmar Pocket in Alsace in January 1945....