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Bacon, Edward Payson (16 May 1834–25 February 1916), grain dealer, was born in Reading Township, near Watkins Glen, New York, the son of Joseph F. Bacon, a tailor, and Matilda Cowles. Edward Bacon was educated at public schools in the vicinity of Geneva, New York, where his father went to farm in 1838. At fifteen he entered the Brockport Collegiate Institute to prepare for the ministry, but his father’s financial reverses caused him to leave after a year. Bacon became a clerk with the newly completed New York & Erie Railroad at Hornellsville, New York, in 1851. After rising to chief clerk of its freight department in New York, he left in 1855 when offered a position in Chicago as head of the freight department of the Michigan Southern & Northern Indiana Railroad, a predecessor of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern and a major component of the New York Central System’s main line....

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Julius H. Barnes. Right, with Thomas Lamont, left, and Silas Strawn. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-92371).

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Barnes, Julius Howland (02 February 1873–17 April 1959), industrialist and government official, was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, the son of Lucien Jerome Barnes, a banker, and Julia Hill. Moving with his family, he attended public schools in Washington, D.C., and Duluth, Minnesota. Following his father’s death in 1886, Barnes left school to take a job as office boy with the Duluth grain brokerage firm of Wardell Ames. There he rose rapidly, becoming president of the company in 1910 and subsequently reorganizing it as the Barnes-Ames Company. By 1915 Barnes-Ames was the world’s largest grain exporter, and Barnes acquired other business interests, principally in shipbuilding and Great Lakes shipping. In 1896 he married Harriet Carey, with whom he had two children....

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Butler, Hugh Alfred (28 February 1878–01 July 1954), U.S. senator, was born in Calhoun, Iowa, the son of Harvey Gibson Butler and Ida Wills, farmers. In 1884 the family moved to a homestead south of Cambridge, Nebraska. In 1895 Butler entered Doane Academy in Crete, Nebraska, and the next year he enrolled in Doane College, a Congregational school. Graduating in 1900 with a bachelor of science degree, he considered studying law but instead took a job with the Burlington Railroad. In 1903 Butler married his college sweetheart, Fay Johnson; they had two sons, both of whom died early in life....