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John Shaw Billings. Courtesy of the Clendening History of Medicine Library and Museum, University of Kansas Medical Center.

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Billings, John Shaw (12 April 1838–11 March 1913), army medical officer, library organizer, and public health activist, was born near Allensville, Indiana, the son of James Billings, a farmer and storekeeper, and Abby Shaw. Despite spotty secondary schooling, he ultimately went to Miami College (Ohio), where he earned his B.A. in 1857. He was awarded the M.D. by the Medical College of Ohio in 1860. Billings remained with the latter institution for a year as an anatomical demonstrator, but after the outbreak of the Civil War he joined the U.S. Army as a contract surgeon. In 1862 he was commissioned first lieutenant and assistant surgeon and went on to make army service his career. Also in 1862 he married Katharine Mary Stevens; they had five children....

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Weed, Ethel Berenice (11 May 1906–06 June 1975), U.S. Army officer and women's rights advocate, U.S. Army officer and women’s rights advocate, was born in Syracuse, New York, the daughter of Grover Cleveland Weed, an engineer, and Berenice Benjamin. After she completed grammar school in Syracuse, the family moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where she attended Lakewood High School. Entering Western Reserve University (now Case Western Reserve) in 1925, Weed graduated with a bachelor of arts in English in 1929. She then became a feature writer for the ...