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Deane, Samuel (10 July 1733–12 November 1814), writer and Congregational minister, was born in Dedham, Massachusetts, son of Samuel Deane, a deacon, and Rachel Dwight. His father was a blacksmith and tavern keeper, who in 1745 moved the family to Norton, where he opened a public house. Samuel graduated from Harvard College in 1760 at the advanced age of twenty-seven. Although an excellent scholar, a lover of the classics, and a poet of some ability, he was temporarily expelled in his junior year for “prevaricating with his tutor.” This misfortune did not prevent him from serving as college librarian for a year and tutor for three years after he graduated. He contributed substantially from his small salary to replace books and instruments lost in the college fire of 1764....

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Deutsch, Gotthard (31 January 1859–14 October 1921), Jewish scholar and college professor, was born Eliezer Deutsch in Kanitz (Province of Moravia), Austria, the son of Bernhard L. Deutsch, a merchant, and Elise Wiener. He always called himself Gotthard, an attempted translation into German of his Jewish given name. Deutsch entered Breslau Jewish Theological Seminary in October 1876. While attending seminary classes, he also enrolled in afternoon classes at the University of Breslau. At the seminary, he was influenced by the noted Jewish historian Heinrich Graetz. Matriculating in 1879 at the University of Vienna, two years later he received his Ph.D. in history. While attending the university, he enrolled in a Talmudic course taught by Isaac Hirsch Weiss at Beth Hammidrash. During his studies in Vienna, Deutsch drew inspiration and guidance from both Weiss and Adolf Jellinek, an authority in midrashic research. Shortly after his graduation, Deutsch received Semichah (ordination) from Rabbi Weiss....

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Duyckinck, George Long (17 October 1823–30 March 1863), author and editor, was born in New York City, the son of Evert Duyckinck, book publisher, and Harriet June. Duyckinck, whose reputation has been almost eclipsed by that of his older brother, the more outgoing and prolific ...

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Heilprin, Michael (23 February 1823–10 May 1888), writer, was born in Piotrkow, Poland, the son of Phineas Mendel Heilprin, a Jewish merchant and Hebrew scholar, and Hannah Lipschitz. He spent his early years in Tomaszow. The atmosphere of the Heilprin home reflected the humanism and rationalism of the Enlightenment and the impact of secular knowledge and liberalism on the hitherto isolated, traditional culture of the Jews of Central Europe....

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Neumark, David (03 August 1866–15 December 1924), rabbi, Jewish philosopher, and Hebraist, was born in Szczerzec, Galicia, the son of Solomon Neumark, a shopkeeper, and Schifrah Scheutz. He received a traditional Jewish education and attended cheder (a communal Jewish elementary school) at a very young age while simultaneously receiving supplemental Hebraic instruction from his father who was himself a learned Jew. When his father died, Neumark’s mother ran the family store on her own so that her seven-year-old son would be able to continue his Jewish education. After finishing ...