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Child, Francis James (01 February 1825–11 September 1896), philologist and editor, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Joseph Child, a sailmaker, and Mary James. After attending the Boston Latin School, he matriculated at Harvard College; he ranked first in his class and was elected class orator. Following his graduation in 1846, he became a tutor in mathematics at his alma mater and then, in 1848, in history and political economy. Also in 1848 he published his edition of ...

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Leonard, William Ellery (25 January 1876–02 May 1944), philologist, poet, and dramatist, was born in Plainfield, New Jersey, the son of the Reverend William James Leonard and Martha Whitcomb. Named after the famous Unitarian minister William Ellery Channing (1780–1842), he dropped Channing by the time he reached college. Reverend Leonard, himself a native of Plainfield, had been a Baptist minister in Chicago but suddenly resigned his pastorate when he could no longer accept the religious beliefs of his congregation. At the time of Ellery’s birth he was editor of the ...

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Otis, Brooks (10 June 1908–26 July 1977), classical philologist and literary critic, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Edward Otis, a doctor, and Marion Faxon. Like his father before him, Otis attended Phillips Exeter Academy, from which he graduated in 1925, and proceeded to Harvard (B.A., 1929). He received his M.A. in Latin from Harvard in 1930 and taught classical languages for two years (1930–1932) at Earlham College in Indiana. He returned to Harvard, where he earned his Ph.D. in classical philology in 1935 with a dissertation written in Latin under the direction of ...

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Smith, Logan Pearsall (18 October 1865–02 March 1946), essayist, philologist, and critic, was born Lloyd Logan Pearsall Smith in Millville, New Jersey, the son of Robert Pearsall Smith, a wealthy partner in the family glass-bottle factory, and Hannah Whitall Smith. Both parents were Quakers but later became influential revivalist preachers and tract writers. In 1868 the family moved to Philadelphia and in 1872 vacationed in England. Smith’s education was sporadic but excellent: he attended the Friends’ William Penn Charter School, Philadelphia (1880–1881), Haverford College (1881–1884), and Harvard University (1884–1885). In 1885, when he was a guest at his older sister Mary’s wedding ceremony in Oxford, England, he resolved to take classes there eventually. After a year of study at Berlin University and an unhappy year in the family business, he persuaded his father in 1887 to give him enough money so that he could live simply and never have to work again. His father settled $25,000 on him, and he entered Balliol College, Oxford, in 1888. That same year his family moved permanently to a country house outside London, where visitors included ...