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Davis, Edwin Hamilton (22 January 1811–15 May 1888), physician and archaeologist, was born in Hillsboro, Ohio, the son of Henry Davis and Avis Slocum. During his boyhood Davis became interested in numerous circular, square, and octagonal earthworks of the so-called Mound Builders culture in Ross County, Ohio. He continued his investigations of mounds while attending Kenyon College, graduating in 1833. His commencement address, “Antiquities of Ohio,” was heard by ...

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Hawes, Harriet Ann Boyd (11 October 1871–31 March 1945), archaeologist and nurse, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the daughter of Alexander Boyd, a manufacturer of fire-fighting equipment, and Harriet Fay Wheeler. She lost her mother before her first birthday and was raised by her father and four older brothers. She studied Latin, Greek, and economics at Smith College from 1888 to 1892. Not yet considered old enough to study nursing, an early and lifelong avocation, she taught classics at boarding and finishing schools until her father died in 1896....

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Prudden, Theophil Mitchell (07 July 1849–08 April 1924), pathologist, bacteriologist, and archaeologist, was born in Middlebury, Connecticut, the son of George Peter Prudden, a Yale-educated Congregational minister, and Eliza Anne Johnson. When Prudden was a teenager, his family home was a station on the “underground railway.” He attended the Wesleyan Academy in Wilbraham, Massachusetts, before entering Yale’s Sheffield Scientific School in 1869 on a Connecticut state fellowship. Sheffield established a special premedical course for Prudden and a classmate, Thomas H. Russell, that gave them an unusual opportunity to gain skills in laboratory science and natural history. Prudden worked one summer on a western expedition with famed Yale paleontologist ...