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Barton, George Aaron (12 November 1859–28 June 1942), Assyriologist and biblical scholar, was born in East Farnham, Quebec, Canada, the son of Daniel Barton, a farmer and blacksmith, and Mary Stevens Bull. He attended the Oakwood Seminary, Poughkeepsie, New York, becoming a minister of the Society of Friends in 1879, and graduated from Haverford College with an A.B. in 1882 and an M.A. in 1885. Around 1883 he moved to Boston, where he worked in insurance for a year, then from 1884 to 1889 taught mathematics and classics at the Friends School in Providence, Rhode Island. In 1884 he married Caroline Brewer Danforth; they adopted one child. In 1889 he entered Harvard Graduate School (M.A. 1890), where he studied Assyriology with David G. Lyon and Semitics and the Bible with Crawford H. Toy and Joseph H. Thayer. In 1891 he received his Ph.D. for a study, “The Semitic Ishtar Cult,” later published in the ...

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Wright, George Ernest (05 September 1909–29 August 1974), archaeologist and biblical theologian, was born in Zanesville, Ohio, the son of the Reverend Ernest Johnson Wright, a Presbyterian pastor, and Caroline L. Shedd. Wright and his family moved frequently during his childhood, following his father’s service as pastor of numerous small-town congregations throughout Pennsylvania and Ohio. He received his B.A. from the College of Wooster (Ohio) in 1931 and his B.D. from McCormick Theological Seminary in Chicago, Illinois, in 1934, where he studied with Ovid R. Sellars. Wright was ordained a Presbyterian minister in April 1934 and had his first archaeological field experience as a member of Kyle Memorial Expedition to Bethel, Palestine, that summer. He entered Johns Hopkins University in the fall of 1934 to study under ...