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Kramer, Frank Louis (21 November 1880–08 October 1958), bicycle racer, was born in Evansville, Indiana, the son of Louis H. Kramer, a lumber merchant and amateur athlete, and Helen Euler. During the early 1890s the parents believed Frank exhibited symptoms of tuberculosis. They bought him a high-wheeled “safety” bicycle for exercise and sent him to the supposedly healthier atmosphere of East Orange, New Jersey, to live with Dillon and Lillian Bennett, who became his foster parents. In his first bicycle sprint race, held during May 1896 at Weequahic Park in Newark, New Jersey, he finished last. When “ordinary” bikes, equipped with equally sized wheels and pneumatic tires, supplanted safeties in public favor, Kramer switched to the newer type. He gained notice in 1897 when, during one day’s competition in White Plains, New York, he won two cups and six medals. In 1898 and 1899 he captured the national amateur sprint championships....

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Taylor, Major (26 November 1878–21 June 1932), bicycle racer, was born Marshall Walter Taylor near Indianapolis, Indiana, the son of Gilbert Taylor, a coachman, and Saphronia Kelter. As a child, he became a close friend of Daniel Southard, a boy his age who was a member of the wealthy white family that employed his father. The Southards provided Taylor with his first bicycle and treated him as their son. When they decided to move to Chicago, they invited Taylor to go with them, but his mother did not allow him to go. He took a job delivering newspapers, which gave him the opportunity to ride his bicycle daily and gain expertise and strength in the process....