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Curtis, Moses Ashley (11 May 1808–10 April 1872), botanist and Episcopal minister, was born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, the son of Jared Curtis, a teacher and prison chaplain, and Thankful Ashley, the daughter of revolutionary war general Moses Ashley. Young Curtis received his early education at home and at Stockbridge Academy, a private school where his father was preceptor. He first became interested in botany at the age of nine, when public lectures on the subject were given in his home town by ...

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Muhlenberg, Henry (17 November 1753–23 May 1815), Lutheran clergyman and botanist, was born Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg in Trappe, Pennsylvania, the son of Heinrich (Henry) Melchior Muhlenberg, a patriarch of the Lutheran church in America, and Anna Maria Weiser, the daughter of the Indian interpreter Conrad Weiser. Henry Muhlenberg, as he signed his letters in English and as he was known to his friends, attended school at his birthplace, later in Philadelphia when the family moved there in 1761, and when only nine was sent with his two older brothers to Halle, in Saxony, at whose orphanage his father had been a teacher. There Muhlenberg learned Latin, Greek, and Hebrew but had only a year at the university. Although the University of Halle had a famous botanical garden, his studies focused on theology and ecclesiastical history....

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Schweinitz, Lewis David von (13 February 1780–08 February 1834), Moravian clergyman and botanist, was born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, the eldest son of Hans Christian Alexander von Schweinitz and Anna Dorothea Elisabeth de Watteville, who had come to Pennsylvania in 1770 from Saxony. The elder Schweinitz, who administered the property belonging to the church, was a baron from an ancient family in Silesia; his wife was the daughter of Baron (later Bishop) John de Watteville and granddaughter of ...