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Adamski, George (17 April 1891–23 April 1965), lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on UFOs during the 1950s' flying saucer enthusiasm, lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on UFOs during the 1950s’ flying saucer enthusiasm, was born in Poland. His parents (names unknown) brought him to the United States when he was one or two. The family settled in Dunkirk, New York; their life was hard, and Adamski received little formal education. He joined the Thirteenth U.S. Cavalry Regiment in 1913 as an enlisted man, serving on the Mexican border, and was honorably discharged in 1916. On 25 December 1917 he married Mary A. Shimbersky (d. 1954). After leaving the army, Adamski worked as a painter in Yellowstone National Park, in a flour mill in Portland, Oregon, and by 1921 was working in a cement factory in California. He continued to live in California, reportedly supporting himself and his wife through a variety of jobs, including by the 1930s teaching and lecturing on occult subjects....

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Hynek, J. Allen (01 May 1910–27 April 1986), astronomer and unidentified flying object researcher, was born Joseph Allen Hynek in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Josef Hynek, a cigar maker and seller, and Bertha Waska, a schoolteacher. From an early age Hynek was fascinated by things in the sky. After obtaining his doctorate in physics and astrophysics from the University of Chicago, he accepted a position as a professor of astronomy at Ohio State University in 1935. He married Miriam Curtis in 1942 and had five children. His steadily progressing astronomical career included a stint as codirector with Fred Whipple of the Smithsonian Institution’s prestigious satellite tracking program from 1956 to 1960. During these years he served as visiting lecturer at Harvard University. In 1960 he became chairman of the Astronomy Department at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, and director of the Dearborn Observatory....