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Knorr, Nathan Homer (23 April 1905–07 June 1977), third president of the Watch Tower Society (1942-1977), third president of the Watch Tower Society (1942–1977), was born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, the son of Donel Ellsworth Knorr and Estella Bloss. At age sixteen he came in contact with followers of ...

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Russell, Charles Taze (16 February 1852–31 October 1916), founder of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, was born in Allegheny (now a part of Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, the son of Joseph Lytle Russell, a haberdasher, and Ann Eliza Birney. He joined his father in business at age eleven and three years later withdrew from public school. He was raised in a pious Scotch-Irish Presbyterian home, but doubts about eternal punishment and biblical authority caused him first to join a more liberal Congregational church and then briefly to leave the church altogether. In 1869 an Adventist minister restored his faith in the Scriptures, and Russell began to study the Bible with a small group, which a few years later chose him as its pastor....

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Rutherford, Joseph Franklin (08 November 1869–08 January 1942), lawyer and religious leader, was born in Morgan County, Missouri, the son of James Calvin Rutherford and Lenore Strickland, farmers. Experiencing both near poverty and hard work, Rutherford came to value education. He borrowed money and went away to school, where he learned shorthand. After studying law under Judge E. L. Edwards and serving as the official reporter of the Court of the Fourteenth Judicial Circuit of Missouri, he passed the Missouri state bar examination in 1892. Beginning private law practice in Booneville, Missouri, he soon joined the firm of Draffen and White. While practicing law he served four times as a special judge in the Eighth Judicial Circuit Court; this experience was the basis for the title “Judge” given to him later by many of his followers. In 1896 he campaigned for ...