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Muhlenberg, Henry Augustus Philip (13 May 1782–11 August 1844), clergyman and member of the U.S. Congress, was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, the son of Henry Muhlenberg, a Lutheran minister and botanist, and Mary Catherine Hall. He received his education under the personal direction of his father, who in 1787 became the founding president of Franklin College in Lancaster. Henry A. Muhlenberg received his theological training from his uncle, ...

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Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. Photograph by James J. Kriegsmann. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-38826).

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Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr. (29 November 1908–04 April 1972), minister and congressman, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, the son of the Reverend Adam Clayton Powell, Sr., and Mattie Fletcher Shaffer. The Family moved to New York City in 1909 after the senior Powell became minister of the Abyssinian Baptist Church, then located at Fortieth Street between Seventh and Eighth avenues. In 1923, at the elder Powell’s urging, the church and the family joined the surge of black migration uptown to Harlem, with the church moving to 138th Street between Seventh and Lenox avenues....

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Seelye, Julius Hawley (14 September 1824–12 May 1895), clergyman, educator, and U.S. congressman, was born in Bethel, Connecticut, the son of Seth Seelye, a merchant and farmer, and Abigail Taylor. Nearsighted as a child, he was mistakenly considered unintelligent by his parents, who originally planned a career in his father’s store for the boy. Seelye, however, doggedly pursued a course of self-education, and in January 1846, on the advice of a friend, he entered the freshman class at Amherst College. He graduated in 1849 and immediately began study at the Auburn Theological Seminary, completing the course in 1852. Seelye had been offered a tutorial position at Amherst in 1851 but instead went to Europe, where he studied philosophy at the University of Halle. Returning to the United States in 1853, he was ordained to the ministry on 10 August of that year in Schenectady, New York, where he held the pastorate of the First Reformed Dutch Church for the following five years. During this period he continued the study of Kantian philosophy under the direction of his uncle Dr. ...